1. 一般将来时的含义

一般将来时表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或状态,或将来经常发生的动作或状态。

2. 一般将来时的基本结构

1. will/shall+动词原形

will 在陈述句中用于各种人称;shall用于第一人称,常被will 所代替。

否定式:will not=won't;shall not=shan't

一般疑问式:will/shall+主语+动词原形+其他?

特殊疑问式:特殊疑问词+一般疑问式?

I will/shall do a better job next time. 下次我要做得好些。

Oil and water will not mix. 油和水没法混在一起。

—Will he help you with your English tonight? 今天晚上他会帮助你学习英语吗?

—Yes, he will./No, he won't. 是的,他会。/不,他不会。

—When will you arrive for America? 你什么时候去美国?

—Tomorrow. 明天。

2. am/is/are going to +动词原形

否定式:am/is/are not going to +动词原形

一般疑问式:am/is/are +主语+ going to + 动词原形+其他?

特殊疑问式:特殊疑问词+一般疑问式?

He is going to spend his holidays in London. 他打算在伦敦度假。

Look at the dark clouds. There is going to be a storm. 看那乌云,快要下雨了。

Is he going to collect any data for us? 他会帮我们收集数据吗?

What are you going to do tomorrow? 明天你打算作什么?

3. 一般将来时的用法

will+动词原形与am/is/are going to +动词原形的用法虽然都表示将来发生动作或情况,一般情况下能互换。但它们的用法是有区别的。

1. will主要用于在以下三个方面:

(1)表示主观意愿的将来。

They will go to visit the factory tomorrow.

明天他们将去厂参观工厂。

I’ll come with Wang Bing, Liu Tao and Yang Ling.

我将和王兵、刘涛、杨玲一起来。

(2)表示不以人的意志为转移的客观的将来。

Today is Saturday. Tomorrow will be Sunday.

今天是星期六。明天是(将)是星期日。

He will be thirty years old this time next year.

明年这个时候他就(将)三十岁。

(3)表示临时决定,通常用于对话中。

—Mary has been ill for a week.

玛丽病了一周了。

—Oh, I didn't know. I will go and see her.

噢,我不知道。我去看看她。

2. be going to主要用于一下两个方面:

(1)表示事先经过考虑、安排好打算、计划要做某事。

Dad and I are going to watch an opera this afternoon.

今天下午我和爸爸打算去看歌剧。

(2)表示根据目前某种迹象判断,某事非常有可能发生,表示推测。

Look! There come the dark clouds. It is going to rain.

瞧!乌云密集。天要下雨了。

4. 用其他时态表示将来含义的情况

1. 用现在进行时表示将来。

瞬时动词和持续动词都可以用其现在进行时表达将来的含义,主要表示按规定或时间预计要发生的事。(瞬时动词的进行时任何时候都表示将来的含义,持续动词的进行时只有在含有将来的时间状语或将来语境的条件下才表示将来)

The bus is coming. 公交车就要来了。

The students are leaving on Sunday. 学生们星期日出发。

We’re having a party next week. 我们下星期将开一个晚会。

2. 用一般现在时表示将来。

(1)come, go, arrive, leave, start, begin, return等瞬时位移动词的一般现在时可以表示将来含义,主要用来表示在时间上已确定或安排好的事情。

The train leaves at six tomorrow morning. 火车明天上午六点开。

(2)在时间或条件状语从句中。(主将从现)

I'll write to you as soon as I arrive there. 我到了那里,就写信给你。

If it doesn't rain tomorrow, we will have a party in the park. 如果明天不下雨,我们就在公园举行一个聚会。

5. There be结构的一般将来时

肯定式:There will be;There is/are going to be

否定式:There won't be;There is/are not going to be

一般疑问式:Will there be...;Is/are there going to be...

特殊疑问式:特殊疑问词+一般疑问式

There will be a basketball match this afternoon.

=There is going to be a basketball match this afternoon.

今天下午会有一场篮球赛。

There won't be a basketball match this afternoon.

=There isn't going to be a basketball match this afternoon.

今天下午没有篮球赛。

Will there be a basketball match this afternoon?

=Is there going to be a basketball match this afternoon?

今天下午有篮球赛吗?

When will there be a basketball match?

=When is there going to be a basketball match?

什么时候有一场篮球赛?

练习及答案

【典型考例1】

(2019天津)---What is your plan for next weekend,Lingling?

----I volunteer work in the museum.

A. was doing B. did

C. have done D. am going to do

【析】正确答案D。句意是:玲玲,下周末的安排是什么?我打算到博物馆去作志愿者。根据上文的next weekend(下周末)可知,玲玲的回答是指下周的打算,所以用一般将来时,因此,正确答案为D。

【典型考例】

(2019四川内江)---Have you watched the new movie,Joe?

---No,I________ it with my sister this evening.

A.watch B.are watching

C.watched D.will watch

【析】正确答案:D。句意是:乔,你看了这部新电影吗?没有。我今晚将和我妹妹一起去看。根据本句末的时间状语this evening可知,看新电影这动作是将来要做的事情,因此动词使用一般将来时。所以, 正确答案为D。

【典型考例】

(2019天津)----Could you tell me for the fruit?

----By paying over the Internet.

A. how much will I pay

B. how much I will pay

C. how will I pay

D. how I will pay

【析】正确答案D。句意是:你能告诉我怎样付这水果的钱吗?通过网络支付。根据答语by paying over the Internet可知,宾语从句是用特殊疑问句how will I pay来充当的。但特殊疑问句作宾语从句时,应使用“特殊疑问词+陈述句”结构,所以正确答案为D。

【典型考例】

(2019湖南湘西)---We will go for a picnic if it _____ this Sunday.

----Sounds great.

A.won’t rain B.is sunny

C.will be sunny

【析】正确答案:B。句意是:本周性其他我们要去郊游。听起来不错。在if引导的条件状语从句中,用一般现在时表示一般将来时,所以正确答案为B.

【强化练习】

一、用所给单词的正确形式填空,使句子意思完整。

1.(2019山东青岛)English Day is coming, and we ________(organize) an English party soon.

2.(2019江苏连云港)---More than 20 international students _____( go on a school trip ) with us next week, won’t they ?

---Yes, they will.

3. (2019山东济宁)China's first set of AI(人工智能) textbooks ______ (come) into the classrooms of primary and secondary school soon in many parts of China.

4.(2019江苏南通)There is something wrong with my computer.

—Don’t worry. I (deal) with it for you.

二、单项选择

1.(2019重庆A卷)Next week, each student in the class _____ a small gift from their teachers.

A.receives B.received C.will receive D.has received

2.(2019江西)---I’ve never seen Mr. Taylor before.

---Don’t worry. I _____ him to you before the meeting.

A.will introduce B.introduced C.have introduced D.had introduced

3.(2019四川乐山)---You’d better take an umbrella. The weather report says it _____in the afternoon.

----Thank you. I will put one in my bag.

A. will rain B. rain C. is raining

4.(2019甘肃兰州) In the near future, there _______ self-driving cars in our city.

A. is B. was C. are D. will be

5.(2019湖南益阳)Susan and her sister ________some photos in the park the day after tomorrow.

A. take B. took C. will take

6.(2019贵州安顺)----Nancy __________us a report as soon as she __________tomorrow.

----How great! I will be there.

A. gives, is arriving

B. gives, ill arrive

C. will give, arrives

D. gives, arrives

7.(2019北京)If you want to visit the Palace Museum, I tickets for you tomorrow.

A. will book B. booked

C. have booked D. was booking

8.(2019湖北随州)----Could you please tell me _______?

----Next week.

A. when he comes back

B. when does he come back

C. when he will come back

D. when will he come back

9.(2019四川广元)If you study hard, you ________ into a good senior high school.

A. got B. will get C. get

10.(2019广西百色)---Your father has gone to Shenzhen on business , hasn’t he ?

---Yes. And he _____ in two weeks.

A.will return B.has returned

C.returned D.returns

11.(2019北京)If you want to visit the Palace Museum, I tickets for you tomorrow.

A. will book B. booked

C. have booked D. was booking

12.(2019青海)If you are friendly to others, you ____ make more friends.

A.would B.could C.will

13.(2019甘肃天水)---I don ' t know if Sam tomorrow.

---Don't worry. I will tell you as soon as he .

A. will come; comes

B. comes; will come

C. will come; will come

D. comes; comes

14.(2019大庆)---My car ____ yesterday. Could you please give me a ride tomorrow?

---I’m sorry I can’t. I’m ____ Dalian tomorrow morning.

A. breaks down; flying at

B.has broken down; flying at

B. broke down; flying to

D.had broken down; flying to

15.(2019贵州黔西南、黔东南、黔南)Tom won’t go to bed until his father _____ back from work.

A.will come B.came C.comes D.come

三、完成句子

1.(2019湖北襄阳)他说“一带一路”将会把中国和越来越多的欧洲国家成功地联系起来。(connect)

He said the Belt and Road____________________.

2.(2019辽宁本溪)下周我们学校将有一场才艺表演。

______ a talent show in our school next week.

3.(2019辽宁抚顺)十年后,抚顺将有巨大的变化。

______________________ great changes in Fushun in 10 years.

4.(2019辽宁抚顺)如果明天下雨,这次比赛将推迟。

______________________________________________

5.(2019辽宁铁岭)书读得越多,我们得到的就越多。

6.(2019辽宁盘锦)这个宝宝一看见她的妈妈,她就会笑。

7.(2019贵州黔西南)My friend asked me, “When will you go to Hainan for your holiday?” (改为同义句)

My friend asked me ______ I _____ go to Hainan for my holiday.

答案

一、1.will organize; 2.will go on a school trip; 3. will come; 4.will deal

二、1--5;CAADC; 6--10CACBA; 11---15ACABC

三、1.would successfully connect China with a growing number of European countries.

2. There will be/is going to.

3.There will be

4. If it rains/ there is rain tomorrow, this/the game/ match will be

5.The more (books)we read,the more we will/can get.

6.The baby will smile/ laugh/ giggle as soon as she sees her mom/ mother.

As soon as she sees her mom/ mother, the baby will smile/ laugh/ giggle.

7.when. would

编辑:阳春